Exploring the Alphabet Murders Case: An In-Depth Look 50 Years Later

In the early 1970s, the city of Rochester, New York, was plagued by a series of child murders that sent shockwaves across the nation. Eerily dubbed as the “Alphabet Murders,” these grim incidents are marked by the cold-blooded killing of three innocent girls between 1971 and 1973. The victims shared bone-chilling similarities – Carmen Colón, Wanda Walkowicz, and Michelle Maenza were all under 12 years old, had double initials that were the same and were cruelly abducted, sexually assaulted, and strangled to death.

These heinous crimes teetered on the boundary of the bizarre and the terrifying, gripping not only the local Rochester community but also the whole nation with an overwhelming sense of dread and fear. The killer seemed to have a macabre signature – the victims, all from different parts of the city, were dumped in or near towns that also matched their initials. This chilling pattern fired up the press and led to the coining of the term “Alphabet Murders”.

The Rochester Police Department was even stunned at the audacity of these crimes. Families anxiously held their children closer, schools drilled caution into the minds of their pupils, and entire neighborhoods were on high alert – creating an atmosphere of terror that seemed to hang over the city like a dark cloud. Even today, the Alphabet Murders are infamous for the chilling modus operandi and the blatant lack of closure, as the case remains unsolved, making the fear it once induced a lasting legacy.

Despite the extensive probe conducted by law enforcement agencies and the passage of time, the case remains shrouded in mystery as we approach the 50th anniversary. Numerous suspects have emerged over the years, including convicted murderers, but none have been definitively linked to the crimes.

With no arrests ever made, this heartbreaking case testifies to the enduring power of unsolved crimes to grip our collective imagination. This post aims to shed light on the known facts and the continuing speculation surrounding this perplexing case.

The Victims of the Alphabet Murders

Exploring the Alphabet Murders Case: An In-Depth Look 50 Years LaterThe Democrat and Chronicle, a local newspaper, published this article shortly after the third murder. Image Source

The victims claimed by the Alphabet Murders were all young girls within an age range of 10 to 11 years old. The similarities among the three victims, as well as the fact that the victims had matching first and last initials, spawned the moniker “Alphabet Murders.”

Despite the uncanny connection of their initials matching with the murder locations, it was their youth and vulnerability that truly left a gut-wrenching effect on those investigating the case, as well as the general public.

Carmen Colón

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10-year-old Carmen Colón lived with her grandparents and attended Holy Apostles School, where she was an active church choir member. On November 16, 1971, Carmen disappeared from her neighborhood after running an errand to a local pharmacy, according to this newspaper clipping. Two days later, her body was discovered in a remote area in Churchville, NY, nearly 12 miles from her home. The autopsy revealed that Carmen had been sexually assaulted and strangled to death. Her clothes were found scattered near the crime scene, while her jacket and shoes were discovered several miles away.

Wanda Walkowicz

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11-year-old Wanda Walkowicz was also from Rochester. Living with her family, Wanda attended School 36 and was known as a caring and friendly child. On the evening of April 2, 1973, she vanished while walking home from a store near her residence. Her body was discovered the following morning in Webster, NY, approximately 7 miles from her home. Wanda had been raped, severely beaten, and strangled with an object, possibly a rope or cord. In a chilling twist, her clothes were found neatly folded near her body, likely by the perpetrator.

Michelle Maenza

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Michelle Maenza, aged 11, was the third known victim of the Alphabet Murders. She resided with her family in Rochester and was a student at Our Lady of Mercy School. On November 26, 1973, she went missing after boarding a bus in front of her school, intending to ride home. Her body was found two days later in Macedon, NY, about 15 miles from her school. The cause of death was manual strangulation, and Michelle had been sexually assaulted as well. Her clothing, scarf, and shoes were discovered near her body, following the pattern of the previous killings.

The Investigation

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Initial Police Response and Public Reaction

Upon the discovery of Carmen Colón’s body in November 1971, a massive manhunt was launched by local law enforcement.  However, after Wanda Walkowicz and Michelle Maenza were murdered in 1973 in the same abhorrent fashion, the public’s faith in the police department began to wane. Tension gripped the city, as parents grew fearful for their children. Schools began reviewing safety protocols and emphasizing stranger danger. Nevertheless, despite the exhaustive police efforts, the case only became murkier and more convoluted, pushing the city deeper into a state of high alert and palpable fear.

Notable Leads and Evidence

The mystery surrounding the Alphabet Murders grew denser each passing year. Several compelling leads emerged during the investigations. Carmen Colón was seen by multiple witnesses escaping a man’s car, inducing the presumption that the murderer was someone she feared.

Additional evidence in the form of a unique tire track left near Michelle Maenza’s body led to a nationwide search for vehicles with matching tires, although this lead eventually turned cold as well. The investigations also looked into similar child murder cases in California, where the victims also had matching initial names. Still, definitive evidence linking the crimes was not forthcoming.

Ultimately, despite the herculean efforts of the investigators, the clues failed to align into a coherent pattern, leaving the Alphabet Murders case unsolved. The distressing lack of answers continues to hover over Rochester’s history, a bleak testimony to justice unfulfilled.

Key Suspects

A composite sketch of the suspect was created from eyewitness accounts. Image Source

Amongst the various leads pursued by investigators in the Alphabet Murders case, a few notable suspects emerged who seemed to fit the ominous patterns of these crimes.

Joseph Naso

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Joseph Naso, a noted serial killer, stirred significant interest in relation to the Alphabet Murders. A native of New York, Naso lived in Rochester during the 1970s when the Alphabet Murders took place. In 2011, he was arrested in California for the murder of four adult women, all of whom shared the same first and last initials as the cities in which they were killed. However, despite this chilling coincidence, no definitive evidence linked Naso to the Alphabet Murders. DNA gathered at the Alphabet Murder scenes failed to match with Naso, leading authorities to rule him out as a suspect.

Kenneth Bianchi

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Kenneth Bianchi, another infamous serial killer, was known primarily for the “Hillside Strangler” murders in Los Angeles during the late 1970s. Originally from Rochester, New York, Bianchi drew the attention of investigators due to his geographic connection to the Alphabet Murders and his criminal history. He was briefly considered a potential suspect but was later dismissed as he was reportedly living in Los Angeles at the time of the murders. Existing evidence didn’t definitively link Bianchi to the crimes of the Alphabet Murders.

Miguel Colón

An initial suspect was Carmen Colón’s uncle, Miguel Colón, due to a personality clash with Carmen Investigations intensified towards him after he left town shortly following Carmen’s funeral. However, despite two lie detector tests, there wasn’t enough evidence to charge him, and he later committed suicide in 1991, with authorities unable to definitively link him to the murders.

The case of the Alphabet Murders presents a roster of chilling suspects, yet remains unresolved. The failure to definitively link any major suspect with concrete evidence underscores the baffling and mysterious nature of these tragic crimes.

Theories About The Alphabet Murders

The perplexing circumstances of the Alphabet Murders have generated numerous theories. These speculative narratives aim to make sense of the seemingly incomprehensible patterns of the crimes but also intensify the mystery surrounding the unresolved cases.

Two Separate Killings

One such theory suggests that the Alphabet murders may not be the serial work of a single killer, but rather two separate tragedies. Some criminologists suggest that Carmen Colón’s murder may have been a distinct event and that Wanda Walkowicz and Michelle Maenza’s murders were the actual serial killings. This theory draws its basis from differences in the specific details of the cases; Colón was found partially clothed, while Walkowicz and Maenza were found fully clothed. Investigators acknowledged that Carmen had tried to escape her killer, whereas the same wasn’t reported with the other two victims.

The Involvement of a Single, Organized Serial Killer

Another theory advances with the narrative of an organized serial killer. This theory rests on the uncanny pattern of the victims all bearing matching first and last initials with the matching initials of the places where they were found. Moreover, the precise age bracket (10-12 years), specifically choosing girls, and the timeline close to Thanksgiving may suggest the work of one meticulous and organized individual who left behind a chilling signature in their crimes.

The Possibility of Multiple Killers Working Together

A more unsettling premise is that these murders could have been the work of multiple killers operating together, sharing their perverted signature style. The pattern of matching initials could potentially suggest a sick symbiosis between multiple individuals who picked their victims based on this shared criteria This theory, while chilling and surrounded by speculation, doesn’t boast strong empirical support, further adding to the elusive nature of the case.

In conclusion, a multitude of theories have tried to dissect the Alphabet Murders, adding significant layers of intrigue and horror to these unsolved cases. The pursuit of the truth behind these crimes continues to resonate through decades, testifying to their haunting impact.

Joseph Naso Murders

In later years, a sensational development unfolded when a man named Joseph Naso, a New York native, was arrested in 2011 in California on charges of killing four adult women, where the victims and the towns of their murders similarly had matching initials Though initially flagged as a person of interest in the Alphabet Murders due to the uncanny modus operandi and his time spent in Rochester during the 1970s, the connection was deemed inconclusive after DNA evidence failed to match Naso to the scenes of the Alphabet Murders.

The Impact

Community Fear and Paranoia During the Murder Spree

The murders of Carmen Colón, Wanda Walkowicz, and Michelle Maenza in the 1970s left the communities in the Rochester, New York area terrified and on edge. According to locals, the unprecedented cruelty and mysterious patterns of the crimes led to widespread panic as families feared for the safety of their young daughters. The murders sparked an increase in safety awareness among parents, who became more cautious about their children’s whereabouts, even in relatively safe neighborhoods.

The Alphabet Murders in Popular Culture

The Alphabet Murders have also found their way into popular culture as a source of fascination and horror. For example, the 2010 book “Alphabet Killer: The True Story of the Double Initial Murders” by Cheri Farnsworth explores the details of this case. In the same vein, the 2008 psychological thriller film, “The Alphabet Killer,” directed by Rob Schmidt loosely bases its narrative on the occurrences of the Alphabet Murders, positioning the crimes as a central plot point while taking creative liberties.

The cultural interest in these cases resonates with an ongoing fascination with unsolved mysteries, and the Alphabet Murders continue to engage and captivate the public decades after the tragic events transpired.


According to a recent report by Newsweek, one of the major suspects in the Alphabet Murders, a notorious criminal case that shook New York in the 1970s, has been released from prison after serving more than three decades. Convicted for charges unrelated to the Alphabet Murders, the individual’s release has inevitably sparked renewed public interest in this unsolved series of homicides. Details surrounding this development remain confidential due to legal and ethical concerns.

Furthermore, DNA evidence from one of the victims, Wanda Walkowicz, is being tested. Experts hope that forensic investigative genetic genealogy may provide new insights and possibly unlock enduring mysteries connected to these infamous crimes.



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Lou Nightingale
Author: Lou Nightingale

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